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Javanese Ethnic Groups and Culture Life

Javanese Ethnic Groups and Culture Life - Java Island is one of the large islands owned by Indonesia. This island has several high mountains scattered in each region. Administratively, the island of Java is divided into six provinces. Namely the Special Capital Region of Jakarta, Banten, West Java, Central Java, the Special Region of Yogyakarta and East Java.

Java have various Javanese Ethnic Groups with the most populous island in Indonesia with a population of 160 million, which means that more than 60 percent of Indonesia's population is on the island of Java. In addition, the population density on the island of Java reaches 1,317 inhabitants / km 2.

With an area of ​​approximately 126,700 km 2 , making Java is ranked as the 5th largest island in Indonesia and the 13th largest island in the world. Dense population on the island of Java makes the island inhabited by diverse tribes or ethnics..

The Javanese are the dominant ethnic group on the island of Java, besides that the Javanese are the largest ethnic group in Indonesia because around 41.7 percent of Indonesia's population are Javanese.

Javanese originated from Central Java, East Java, and Yogyakarta Special Region. The Javanese themselves have branches of other tribes, such as the Samin tribe in Central Java, then the Tengger tribe who live in the Bromo mountain region which is one of the natural tourist parks in Indonesia, and the Osing or Using tribes which are native Banyuwangi.

What More The Javanese Ethnic Groups That Live In Java?

Javanese are known to have subtle dialects or dialects. The majority of Javanese use Javanese in their daily lives. Javanese language itself has a division of levels, namely Javanese ngoko language, middle Javanese, and Javanese krama.


The Sundanese or urang Sundanese are an ethnic group that refers to the inhabitants of the western part of Java. The Sundanese live in the Tatar Pasundan area, namely West Java, Banten, DKI Jakarta, the western part of Central Java, and Lampung.

About 15.2 percent of Indonesia's population is Sundanese, which means the Sundanese are the second largest tribe after the Javanese.

Betawi Tribe

Betawi tribe is a group of people who generally live in the Jakarta area. The word Betawi was inspired by the word 'Batavia'. The name Batavia is taken from the Batavian tribe which was the ancestor of the Dutch people in the days of the Roman Empire, where today the Netherlands is one of the richest countries in the world.

There is an opinion that states if the Betawi ethnic group is a sub-ethnic from the Sundanese. There is also the opinion that the Betawi tribe is a tribe or ethnic cross-ethnic marriages that have lived first in Jakarta, such as Javanese, Sundanese, Malay, Arabic, Chinese, Bugis and Makassarese.


Madura tribe is a tribe that originated from the island of Madura, but today Madurese are already spread on the island of Java and even outside of Java.

Besides inhabiting the island of Madura, the majority of Madurese live in several cities from East Java, such as Situbondo, Bondowoso, Jember, Probolinggo, Lumajang, Surabaya, Malang, and Pasuruan.

Madura tribe is a tribe that often migrates to various regions and is known to have a high work ethic. Generally, the Madurese who migrate work as entrepreneurs, both as traders and service sellers.

Well, that's some Javanese Ethnic Groups on the island of Java. In addition to the tribes or ethnics mentioned above, there are still many other tribes, both tribes originating from all over Indonesia and tribes originating from abroad. Thank you for reading. 

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