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Origin and Brief History of Wayang Kulit

 


Origin and Brief History of Wayang Kulit - Wayang is a rapidly growing Indonesian art performance that has been recognized worldwide for its uniqueness. Just like Batik, UNESCO on November 7, 2003 has also named wayang as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity or a priceless world heritage of masterpieces in native Indonesian art.

Wayang Kulit is one of Javanese culture which is quite typical. Puppet itself comes from the word 'ayang-ayang' which means it is a shadow.

Wayang performance art itself is loved by all levels of society. Not only in Java, wayangs are now also familiar and often presented at sacred events throughout the world.

As for those of you who want to know what the history and origin of the wayang and its development to date, consider our article below.

The Origin of Wayang


Judging from the existing history, the origin of the wayang is considered to have been present since 1500 years before Christ. Wayangs were born from Javanese ancestors in the past.

At that time, wayangs were estimated to only be made of grass tied up so that the shape was still very simple. Wayang is played in the ritual worship of ancestral spirits and in traditional Javanese ceremonies.

In the following period, the use of other materials such as hunted animal skins or bark began to be recognized in the manufacture of wayangs. The oldest wayang kulit ever found are thought to originate from the 2nd century AD.

wayang developments continue to occur. The stories that are played are also growing.

What Stories Are Often Told in Wayang Kulit Show?

The story of Mahabrata and Ramayana are 2 examples of stories that were favorites in the Hindu era at that time. Both of these epics are considered more interesting and have a unique story continuity so that in the Xth century to XV AD, these two stories became the main stories in every wayang show.

Javanese people's fondness for the wayang performance at that time also influenced the spread of Islam in Java. Sunan Kalijaga for example, when he preached, he would hold a wayang show and play it to invite many people to come.

In the show, he inserted the moral message and the propaganda of Islam slowly so that the majority of people who still embrace Hinduism and Buddhism were interested in knowing Islam deeper.

From its development, wayang shows also began to be accompanied by all the instruments of traditional gamelan instruments and the sinden.

The Existence of Wayang in Society


Wayang is now increasingly known. Several types of wayangs have also been developed to enrich the treasures of the world of wayang. Some examples of such wayangs include Wayang Kulit, Wayang Kayu, Wayang Orang and Wayang Rumput.

Nowadays, young people's interest in wayang kulit art can be considered very low, given the many technology-based games they can play.

Even so, there are still many parents who actively teach their children to appreciate one of Indonesia's traditional works of art, and that is what is needed to advance wayang kulit at this time.

Maybe, if the government cares about its sustainability, then some programs should be made to increase youth interest, such as including it in school programs.

So, there is some brief history and origin of Wayang Kulit information we can share with you. I hope this information is useful for you to know about the wayang kulit. That is all, thank you.


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